FANDOM


Hiryū
Hiryu01
Career
Name

Hiryū

Built

1936–39

Builder

Yokosuka Naval Arsenal

Laid Down

8 July 1936

Launched

16 November 1937

Commissioned

5 July 1939

Decommissioned

1942

Struck

25 September 1942

Fate

Scuttled after the Battle of Midway, 5 June 1942

Status

Wreck

Characteristics
Displacement

17300 tons standard
20250 tons full

Length

227.4 m (746 ft 1 in)

Beam

22.3 m (73 ft 2 in)

Draught

7.8 m (25 ft 7 in)

Installed power

153,000 shp (114,000 kW)

Propulsion

8 × Kampon water-tube boilers
4 × shafts
4 × geared steam turbines

Speed

34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph)

Range

10,330 nmi (19,130 km; 11,890 mi) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)

Armament

6 × twin 12.7 cm Type 89 dual-purpose guns.
7 × triple, 5 × twin 25 mm Type 96 AA guns.

Armor

Waterline belt: 9–15 cm (3.5–5.9 in)
Deck: 25–55 mm (1.0–2.2 in)

Complement

1100

Aircraft Carried

64 (+9 spares)
18 Mitsubishi A6M Zero
18 Aichi D3A
18 Nakajima B5N (Dec. 1941)

Clear

Hiryū (Japanese: 飛龍, lit. Flying Dragon), a slightly enlarged version of Sōryū was laid down on 8 July 1936 at Yokosuka Naval Dockyard, launched on 16 Novem­ber 1937 and commissioned on 5 July 1939.[1]

DescriptionEdit

The ship improved on her smaller sister Sōryū in a number respects, notably combat range, engines power and protection. The most notable difference in appearance was an island superstructure on the port side of the ship. Despite a number of shortcomings, Hiryu was judged by the Japanese to be a highly useful design that was to be reincarnated in the late-war Unryu-class aircraft carriers.

HistoryEdit

Hiryū was active off China during the next few years. She was a member of Chuichi Nagumo's dreaded Mobile Force, and was one of the fleet carriers that launched the deadly attack on Pearl Harbor in Dec 1941, and after that were Wake, Palau Islands, Darwin, Indian Ocean raids. She participated in the Battle of Midway and launched the aircraft that disabled the American carrier Yorktown. Hiryū then came under attack by Yorktown's SBD aircraft, which fought through Hiryū's combat air patrol fighters and a flak barrage. Captain Susumu Kawaguchi, air officer aboard Hiryū, recalled that she was hit six times during the fourth and final attack on her. One of the bombs struck the forward elevator, two just aft of the forward elevator, three just forward of the after elevator. All bombs were aimed at her hinomaru painted on her flight deck, a proud symbol of the rising sun that ironically doubled as the bull's-eye to the American pilots.

When he determined that Hiryū was unsaveable, her captain Tamon Yamaguchi gathered the 800 men who were still aboard the ship, including the wounded, on the flight deck near the bridge, and led them in yelling banzai three times toward Tokyo, followed by the playing of the national anthem. After the ceremony, the order to abandon ship was issued.

After the survivors were evacuated (without Yamaguchi, who remained on board to go down with the ship), destroyer Makigumo fired two torpedoes to scuttle her some time between 0905 and 0915 in the morning of 5 Jun 1942. The first torpedo passed under her, but the second hit her squarely in the hull.

Ensign Mandai, who floated in the water nearby when Hiryū sank, saw the giant propellers rose above the waves as the bow of the ship dipped into the ocean. He swam vigorously to escape the suction created when a ship sank; when he dared to look again, Hiryū was gone.[2] She sank at position 31°27' N 178°23' W.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. http://midway1942.org/ships/ijn_cv_hiryu.shtml
  2. http://ww2db.com/ship_spec.php?ship_id=A12

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.